Drip Irrigation System And Techniques
What is drip irrigation system?
Drip irrigation system is one of the most efficient water and nutrient delivery systems for crop growth. It can deliver water and nutrients directly to the root area of the crop at the right time, in the right amount, so that every plant gets what it needs, when it needs it, to grow at its best. Thanks to drip irrigation, farmers can increase yields while saving water, fertilizer, energy and even crop protection products.
How does it work?
Water and nutrients are transported throughout the field through pipes called droppers. The irrigation system has smaller units called droppers. Each dropper spouts water droplets containing water and fertilizer, thereby evenly applying water and nutrients directly to the root zone of each plant, covering the entire field.
Why do farmers prefer drip irrigation?
The reason is simple. Drip irrigation system not only delivers greater ROI compared to other of irrigation methods, it also gives farmers an efficient and simple way to operate their farms.
Higher consistent quality yields
Huge water savings: no evaporation, no run off, no waste
100% land utilization – drip irrigates uniformly in any topography and soil type
Energy savings: drip irrigation works on low pressure
Efficient use of fertilizer and crop protection, with no leaching
Less dependency on weather, greater stability and lower risks
Why do plants prefer drip irrigation?
Just like people, plants like to get their water and nutrients in a balanced way. Nobody wants to eat a month’s worth of food in one day, and the same goes for plants. Which is why drip irrigation system applies water and nutrients frequently and in small doses, ensuring optimal growing conditions that helps produce the highest yields possible.
Here’s why plants are more productive with drip irrigation:
High availability of water and nutrients
Doses of water and nutrients tailored to plant’s development needs
No saturation and good soil aeration
Avoids high salinity caused by excessive fertilizer application
No wetting of foliage that can result in fungal diseases
Why the world needs drip irrigation
By 2050, there’ll be 10 billion people living on our planet, and 20% less arable land per person to grow enough calories. Include increasing water scarcity, and it’s clear why we need a way to increase agricultural productivity and resource efficiency. That’s where drip irrigation system fits in, changing the economics of global agriculture by allowing farmers to produce more calories per hectare and cubic meter of water.
Reduce impact of drought and climate change on food production
Avoid contamination of ground water and rivers caused by fertilizer leaching
Support rural communities, reduce poverty, reduce migration to cities