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How does drip irrigation work?

User:JXCTUpload time:Feb 15 2023

In recent years, there have been many technological developments in the field of agricultural irrigation. While all irrigation systems provide water to plants, the methods vary widely, and drip irrigation systems are one of them.

drip irrigation
How does drip irrigation work?

Surface irrigation techniques involve covering an entire field with water. Overhead irrigation wets the plants but produces runoff. In contrast, drip irrigation is a much more controlled irrigation method. It works by exposing the roots to a direct supply of water. This method is facilitated by the use of drip emitters, which release water in a slow and steady fashion. Drip emitters are small — approximately the size of a quarter — and are located on the ground, usually arranged in rows. Drip emitters are connected to a water source by a feeder hose. Another version of drip irrigation uses a hose that has drip emitters built into it. This variation on the drip irrigation technique is called trickle tape.

irrigation systems

The greatest benefit of any type of drip irrigation is the control that these methods provide. In addition, these irrigation techniques are highly economical and precise. For example, the amount of water that a typical lawn sprinkler uses is measured in gallons per minute — the standard sprinkler will emit anywhere between one and five gallons (four to 20 liters) of water per minute. In contrast, the amount of water that a drip emitter uses is measured in gallons per hour. Such a slow flow of water virtually guarantees that it will be absorbed into the ground where it will be used more efficiently and where it won’t evaporate. A well-installed, well-maintained drip irrigation system all but eliminates the phenomenon of water wastefully running off.

irrigation system

(1)Balanced water and fertilizer

Drip irrigation system can supply fertilizer at any time according to the law of crop fertilizer demand to ensure the balance of crop water and fertilizer.

(2)Save labor and time

Irrigation system only needs to open the valve on the mobile app, and the automatic irrigation system can run automatically, saving labor and time.

(3)Saving water and fertilizer

The integration of water and fertilizer directly transports the fertilizer needed by crops to the roots of plants with water, greatly improving the utilization rate of fertilizer and water, saving water and fertilizer.

(4)Temperature control

Irrigation system can regulate water quantity and soil temperature, drip irrigation can avoid the problem of crop retting root and yellow leaf caused by excessive irrigation, and control temperature and humidity.