Soil is the main material basis for plants to survive. It can provide crops with the necessary water, fertilizer, heat, and air for their growth. This is mainly because the composition of soil includes organic matter, minerals, soil air and soil moisture, microorganisms, etc. Minerals are the most basic substances, which can provide a variety of nutrients to plants. Organic matter can not only provide nutrients to plants. But also play a very important role in improving soil aggregate structure and physical and chemical properties. As well as water supply, water retention, temperature stabilization, and ventilation. Use soil sensor for agriculture to easily detect soil parameters.
Monitoring of soil moisture-soil sensor for agriculture
Soil moisture is low, which will directly or indirectly affect the decline of photosynthesis. Becoming a major limiting factor for photosynthesis. The lack of water can also cause the death of crops. Because the total volume of the soil gap is certain. And this part of the volume is occupied by water and air. So when there is too little water, the plant roots will not absorb enough water. And the plant’s transpiration will cause the plant to lose a lot of water. Which will cause the plant to lose its wilt. The root system is pulled and broken, causing plant death in severe cases. When there is too much water, the proportion of air is small. Resulting in weakening of aerobic respiration of plant roots, and plant roots are forced to turn to anaerobic respiration. Anaerobic respiration produces alcohol poisoning plant roots, causing root rot, and in severe cases, plant death.
To monitor soil moisture, a soil moisture sensor can be used to determine whether to irrigate stop irrigation based on the data. To ensure that the soil moisture is suitable for crop growth.
Monitoring of soil temperature-soil sensor for agriculture
A suitable soil temperature is conducive to the growth of plants, and a temperature that is too low or too high is not conducive to the growth of plants. Crop seeds must germinate within a suitable soil temperature range. Within a certain temperature range, the higher the soil temperature, the faster the growth and development of crops, and the growth of different plants has different requirements for temperature.
By monitoring the soil temperature, the soil temperature can be maintained within a suitable growth temperature range for crops. To ensure that crops increase production and income.